So, why not Whig Party Day, or Eugenics Society Day? Natural Selection applies to cultures every bit as much as it does to species. Amerindians migrated to North America during the last Ice Age, when low sea levels exposed a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska. (There are some theories that other groups also migrated here by other means) But, like their counterparts in Asia and Europe, they were a Stone Age culture.
11,000 years later, when Columbus and others arrived from Europe, they were still a Stone Age culture living pretty much as they had when they arrived. Europe and Asia had made great cultural and scientific strides, smelting iron and building cathedrals while Amerindians remained, for the most part, nomadic hunter gatherers. On the richest continent in the world, there were never more than 4 million Amerindians in the continental United States, and they lived on the edge of starvation and in an almost constant state of warfare with their competing tribes.
In short, they were a failed culture, squandering the potential of North America, Their culture was doomed the moment their isolation was broken. If the more efficient Europeans had not displaced them from the east, the Russians would have from the west.
Columbus did not bring slavery to North America, it was already here, and in its most brutal form among Amerindians in Mexico and Central America, where human sacrifice was practiced on an industrial scale.
In less than 500 years of Columbus’s arrival, the continent that for 11,000 years had lain wasted was feeding the world and leading in science and political thought.
Amerindians are every bit as smart and capable as Europeans, but their culture was an abject failure, so why are we celebrating it?